- 1 Ronald Reagan, the Western Objectives Foundation & the Downing of KAL Flight 007
- 2 By Mae Brussell
- 3 Within the aftermath of the Korean Air Strains catastrophe that shocked the world on September 1, 1983, the editors of the Los Angeles Herald-Examiner had a collection of nagging questions, outstanding amongst them the following:
Ronald Reagan, the Western Objectives Foundation & the Downing of KAL Flight 007
By Mae Brussell
(Hustler journal, February 1984) Edited by A. Constantine
Within the aftermath of the Korean Air Strains catastrophe that shocked the world on September 1, 1983, the editors of the Los Angeles Herald-Examiner had a collection of nagging questions, outstanding amongst them the following:
Q: Is there cause to consider that Rep. Lawrence McDonald of Georgia, an admittedly ultra-right U.S. congressman traveling on 007, might have been deliberately assassinated aboard the flight? A: “While the [U.S.] government has made no such charge, McDonald’s widow claims that her husband, the national chairman of the John Birch Society, was ‘murdered.’ She holds that it was no accident that ‘the leading anti-Communist in the American government’ had been on a plane that was ‘forced into Soviet territory’ and shot down.” One other query to be addressed is: Why would the Soviet Union wish to make a martyr of Larry McDonald? If the Russians are the specialists at terrorism they’re imagined to be, it will seem apparent that they might discover a neater strategy to get rid of the congressman than chasing his airplane over Soviet territory for two half hours. They might have simply blown him away anyplace on the planet. Moreover, it is onerous to consider that KAL Flight 007 was pressured into Soviet airspace, as if an enormous mechanism had sucked McDonald toward his mortal enemy. Through the unusual 2 half hours that 007 ventured as far as 226 miles inside Soviet airspace, the Russians have been testing new missiles instantly under. They didn’t need any more problems. And I doubt that McDonald, fanatic as he was, deserves the label of “leading anti-Communist in the American government.” He has fairly stiff competition from A.G. “Fritz” Kraemer, Sven Kraemer, John Lenczowski, Paula Dobriansky, William Clark, Jeanne Kirkpatrick, William Casey, Henry Kissinger, Dr. Ernest Lefevre, William F. Buckley, James Buckley, Richard Pipes, Common Daniel O. Graham and a forged of hundreds. An article that appeared immediately after the capturing down of 007 accused Secretary of the Navy John Lehman of duty for “the deaths of 269 over Sakhalin Island.” Lehman’s strategic design, generally known as “Horizontal Escalation” in defense circles, outlines a collection of provocations towards the united states. Lehman: “He who gets the signal to fire first in the North Pacific will enjoy a tremendous tactical advantage. This region … is most probably where we shall witness confrontation with the Soviet Union.” Thus, whereas Europe and the U.S. divert the public with NATO missile debates, plans are formulated for a first strike in the Pacific. South Korea, Japan and the U.S. are at collectively at work on these plans. Sending spy planes over the Soviet Union serves the purpose of provocation. Five days after the 007 incident, former CIA spy Ralph McGehee advised a university viewers that the Korean airliner was indeed on a spy mission. He also believes that the Russians thought 007 was an RC-135 intelligence aircraft. It was Senator Jesse Helms (R-North Carolina) – one other archconservative ideologue; anti-union, anti-government, anti-Communist and an opponent of a world treaty on genocide – who arranged McDonald’s invitation to attend the celebration commemorating the 30th anniversary of the official U.S. entry into the Korean Warfare. As an alternative of traveling together, nevertheless, Helms and McDonald arrived in Anchorage, Alaska – the primary stop of the journey to South Korea – on separate planes. The fact that McDonald was the one individual in the 36-member American delegation to fly alone seems unusual. After refueling, the Boeing 747 carrying Helms arrived at its destination safely. However McDonald – and his fellow passengers on Flight 007 – were not so lucky. As depicted in the books by Ian Fleming, 007 was James Bond’s “license to kill.” In this case, who had the license to kill? Was it the CIA and its Korean counterpart, the KCIA? They have been shaped at roughly the same time and work together intently. The truth that McDonald and Helms flew on separate planes brings up a number of extra unanswered questions. Who sat subsequent to McDonald? Korean Air Strains should have a boarding move for that passenger. If no one used the seat, and if McDonald was accompanied by others in the American delegation, why didn’t one of them occupy the seat? The place have been the employees or advisory members of McDonald’s Western Objectives Foundation, a knowledge financial institution in Alexandria, Virginia, that serves as a nationwide right-wing clearinghouse for destructive information about leftists? Why was McDonald left to die alone? Who truly gained by Flight 007’s violation of Soviet territory? Not the Russians. They have been in preparation for the subsequent week’s meeting in Madrid, Spain, between U.S. Secretary of State George Schultz and Soviet Overseas Minister Andrei Gromyko, also the resumption of arms-reduction talks and the annual United Nations assembly. An incident of any type would – and did – set world opinion towards them at a crucial time. Then again, the U.S. authorities benefited by gathering useful army details about Soviet radar and defensive capabilities within the hours previous the crash. Other advantages to the State Department and Pentagon included favorable MX-missile and binary nerve-gas votes from a knee-jerk Congress. Clearly, Larry McDonald did not die at the hands of Soviet planners. An important rationalization for his demise relates to current revelations about his clandestine actions. A previous relationship between McDonald and President Reagan began to floor before the crash. Illicit espionage hid behind a cloak of righteous Americanism at any worth was about to be exposed. The media, together with many other institutions and individuals, had purposely withheld the darker aspect of Reagan’s years as California governor from the 1980 Presidential campaign. Now the soiled laundry of the previous was beginning to leak out. Key backers, financiers and appointees of Ronald Reagan have all the time been involved in political spying – and worse. California was rife with intrigue. Nixon and Reagan have been from California. And California is the place the bubble burst. The trail leading to the connection between Reagan and McDonald is long and winding. However the details prove collusion between informers employed by Reagan when he was governor and McDonald’s Western Objectives Basis. The strategies – and even the persons involved – have been the identical in both instances. The primary indication that something was much more rotten than traditional in California came on August 15, 1980, when Warren Hinckle – the previous editor of Ramparts journal – noted that the snooping of Jerry Ducote appeared to involve members of Ronald Reagan’s gubernatorial employees. (Ducote was a former sheriff’s deputy employed by Reagan’s backers to infiltrate suspected subversive groups.) “What is happening in Santa Clara County today is the germ of the biggest scandal of the next 1 1/2 years,” Hinckle stated. “People thought that with Watergate it was all over. But this is the next layer of Watergate.” On January four, 1983, almost 2 1/2 years after Hinckle’s prediction, Detective Jay Paul of the Los Angeles Police Department provided a weary workforce of investigators with the connection between Larry McDonald and Ronald Reagan. That day marked the top of McDonald’s usefulness to the larger network he served. He had develop into a legal responsibility to some essential individuals. A carefully-constructed net of deceit was brought down by the huge volumes of information illegally assembled on law-abiding citizens by the L.A. Police Department’s Public Disorder Intelligence Division (PDID). The information have been ordered destroyed in 1975, nevertheless it was later found that LAPD officers stored the data-bank info. Enraged by this disobedience, the Los Angeles Police Commission formally requested the information. However by then, Lieutenant Thomas Scheidecker had stolen at the least 10,000 pages of paperwork, and PDID Detective Jay Paul had moved a huge batch of information to his storage in Long Seashore. Lawyer Ann Love, his wife, was paid $30,000 a yr to feed a classy $100,000 pc knowledge that had been ordered destroyed. Broken Seals was a typical piece of Western Objectives ultra-con propaganda, an alarming “report on the attempts to destroy the foreign and domestic intelligence capabilities of the United States.” The foreword was written by Daniel O. Graham, former director of the DIA, who went on to chair the Excessive Frontiers Foundation in help of Reagan’s Strategic Protection Initiative. The knowledge ultimately wound up in the pc of the Western Objectives Foundation And lo and behold, the man who paid Ann Love was Representative Larry McDonald, chairman of Western Objectives. Additionally caught up within the net was John Rees, an editor at the Western Objectives Foundation, and a longtime affiliate of Jerry Ducote by approach of their widespread employers and comparable strategies of accumulating knowledge. Each acted as agents provocateurs. “An agent provocateur is a police agent who is introduced into any political organization with instructions to foment discontent . . . or to take a case in order to give his employers the right to act against the organization in question,” in response to Colonel Victor Kaledin of Imperial Russian Army Intelligence. Ducote was employed by key Reagan supporters and the John Birch Society. Rees collaborated with the Birch Society and a number of other right-wing groups, feeding them info to harass and embarrass those that opposed their point of view. Reagan’s man, Ducote, and Larry McDonald’s crony, John Rees, labored together at the San Francisco-based Western Research, also referred to as Research West. Ducote secluded himself behind unmarked doorways, operating a blacklisting service for business. The outcomes of his spying have been added to a repository of info used by Governor Reagan to display out potential state staff with leftist political tendencies opposite to his own beliefs. On the similar time, pictures of rallies and demonstrations – along with copies of underground newspapers – have been provided to Western Research by agents of the Los Angeles Police Department. In flip, Western Analysis bought background info on staff and suggested firms about attainable risks. Analysis West, an incarnation, maintained shut ties with regulation enforcement and company knowledge banks, using spies to feed info to utility corporations anxious to determine anti-nuclear activists. Clearly, blacklisting didn’t end with the demise of Senator Joseph McCarthy. The witch hunt never ceased. Final January in Los Angeles, the American Civil Liberties Union filed a lawsuit on behalf of 131 law-abiding groups and individuals who have been illegally spied upon. Among the defendants in this case have been 54 cops from the LAPD’s Public Dysfunction Intelligence Division. The regulation firm representing the defendants was Gibson, Dunn and Crutcher. Curiously enough, Lawyer Common William French Smith was a associate in that firm. And none aside from President Ronald Reagan is a shopper of Gibson, Dunn and Crutcher in all personal legal issues. Time was operating out for Larry McDonald after a few years of stealing, bugging and compiling. He was about to be subpoenaed by a Los Angeles County grand jury. His testimony – notably the elements referring to the feeding of illegal police intelligence information to his Long Seashore pc – might embarrass and even injury an awesome quantity of powerful individuals. ••• A number of weeks after the downing of Flight 007, Soviet President Yuri Andropov blamed america for a “sophisticated provocation, masterminded by U.S. special services, an example of extreme adventurism in politics.” How might the USA have written such a script? Larry McDonald was going to embarrass President Reagan if too many of the paperwork from California have been exposed. They shared widespread spies and customary enemies. So let’s assume that the CIA, FBI and all federal businesses that labored with McDonald – notably the Pentagon – needed him silenced instantly. At the similar time, as a result of McDonald was so violently anti-Communist, why not make the Soviets chargeable for his murder? A New Proper martyr could possibly be created in the wrestle towards communism. Keep in mind the Pueblo? The state of affairs may need continued within the following method: • There can be a celebration in South Korea early in September. McDonald had robust ties to Korean-born Reverend Sun Myung Moon, leader of the Unification Church (the Moonies) and the South Korean army. Organize for McDonald to attend that celebration in South Korea. (Dorothy Hunt, CIA officer and wife of Watergate defendant E. Howard Hunt, was blown up in a business airliner over Chicago, and no one seemed to care. Undoubtedly, her murder scared into silence the first witnesses who might have embarrassed President Nixon on the time he was paying them to “plead guilty” before sinking his presidency. By the way, the espionage activities of both E. Howard Hunt and Congressman McDonald have been entangled with the Los Angeles Police Division.) • Send spy planes over the united states constantly. The Soviet Union doesn’t recognize such flights violating its territory. By putting McDonald on a business airliner and timing its incursion inside Soviet airspace with spy-plane operations on the similar time, an assault by Soviet missiles can be assured. One of the various mysteries of Flight 007 is the entire lack of communication between its pilots and U.S., Korean and Japanese listening posts. This is called maintaining radio silence. Furthermore, 007 left Kennedy Airport in New York with a defective radio and navigational system. When the pilot on the first leg of the flight disembarked in Anchorage, he assumed the aircraft’s malfunctioning elements can be repaired. However this didn’t happen. It’s common information to all pilots flying over Soviet territory that aircraft going beyond a certain level inside Russian borders shall be pressured to land or shot down. If the CIA and the Nationwide Security Agency needed Larry McDonald lifeless, thereby assuring a world incident, isolating the pilots from instructions or warnings can be essential. The best way to accomplish this is either to tamper with radio transmissions or the pilots’ minds – or each. Chun Byung In, the pilot in command of 007, held the rank of colonel in the South Korean Air Pressure. He was thought-about dependable sufficient to have flown the Korean president to the U.S. in 1982 and fly overseas routes linking Southeast Asia to the Center East, Paris to Los Angeles, and New York to Seoul. The co-pilot on 007 was Lieutenant Colonel Sohn Dong Hui. Based on information studies, Chun boasted to close associates that he was carrying out special tasks for American intelligence, and he even confirmed them some of the aircraft’s spying gear or surveying Soviet army installations. Spying was typically the covert mission of regularly-scheduled business flights that started in New York Metropolis and led to Seoul. After the 007 disaster, it was reported that Koreans typically flew over Soviet airspace to scale back gasoline expenses. But spy cameras with the power to photograph Soviet army bases are a extra believable cause for Korean jets dropping their means so typically. Stories indicate that Korean Air Strains concluded a secret agreement with the CIA within the early 1970s to carry out intelligence surveys of Soviet territory. These reviews further recommend that when Flight 007 was shot down, the U.S. intelligence mission utilized a reconnaissance satellite tv for pc programmed to cross overhead at the similar time. This allowed the U.S. to document digital visitors denoting the whereabouts of Soviet air-defense methods as they have been activated to satisfy a presumed menace. After triggering the radar warning of a menace to the united states, the pilot of a U.S. RC-135 reconnaissance aircraft used maneuvers typical of American spy planes to frustrate Soviet air defenses. Ultimately, he dove under the radar cowl off the Kamchatka Peninsula to distract air-defense crews and allow Flight 007 to enter Soviet airspace undetected. In the meantime, trying to dodge Soviet fighter planes 226 miles inside the united states, pilot Chun requested permission to elevate to 35,000 ft. Moments later, he shouted, “Rapid … a rapid decompression.” Flight 007 was hit by a missile. Chun’s final phrases –”one-zero, one-zero-delta”– left everyone confused, as did the aircraft’s remaining radio transmissions. Neither Matsumi Suzuki, head of Japan’s Sound Research Institute, nor the Japanese broadcast network NHK might clarify what “delta” meant. Was that Chun’s “Rosebud”? Early studies following the tragedy, noting the apparent loss of contact with 007’s pilots, steered that the aircraft had been hijacked. A second report stated that the 2 pilots and the navigator might have been asleep – a doubtful concept considering the crew’s unblemished document. A more probably risk is that the crew had been the sufferer of hypnosis and mind management – receiving directions prematurely, earlier than they left Anchorage, that would not be picked up and recorded later. If this appears farfetched, think about the experience of Candy Jones – a famous model and radio character – who described in her biography how the CIA programmed her thoughts for spying and activities associated to espionage. A single telephone call from an unseen individual would have been enough to implement previously implanted instructions to kill herself. These revelations came to mild on the peak of the Watergate scandal, together with evidence that she had beforehand finished errands for the CIA. Only the intervention of her husband saved Candy Jones from sure demise. The difficulty of 007’s faulty navigational system got here beneath shut scrutiny following the disaster. Studies filed with NASA revealed that no less than 25 occasions through the past five years, U.S. airline pilots relying on the identical navigational gear utilized by 007 had strayed off target – as soon as as a lot as 250 miles. Cited among the many cause have been pc malfunctions and human errors. “It’s easy to become complacent [on long flights],” stated Pan American World Airways pilot Thomas Foxworth. “It’s a human failing. The record is replete with numerous incidents of a guy just falling asleep.” What if the “human failing” cited by Foxworth was truly mind-controlled planning? Two of the 007 crew may need been asleep – and even lifeless. But the one who cried “delta” was obviously awake till the top. His response to what was going to occur, given his years of experience and expertise, was that of a programmed zombie instructed to fly constantly – disregarding any exterior sights or sounds on the flight gear. As long ago as November 1974, the Subcommittee on Constitutional Rights – headed by then-Senator Sam Ervin of North Carolina – issued a 645-page report titled, Particular person Rights and the Federal Position in Conduct Modification, which plotted the superior state of CIA mind work and testing. Three years later, the Senate Select Committee on Intelligence and the Sub-committee on Health and Scientific Analysis revealed another report, Venture Mkultra: The CIA’s Program in Conduct Modification. The upshot of these stories is that the Pentagon had the potential, if it so desired, to link thoughts control with satellite tv for pc defense methods. And a logical use of mind management, of course, can be to program a pilot – maybe even turning a traditional flight into a kamikaze mission. Dr. Jose Delgado, the father of military-and-defense mind experimentation who worked with the CIA and Navy Intelligence, perfected such procedures as early as 1971. In one instance, he surgically implanted a receiver within the mind of a Spanish preventing bull. Later in a Madrid area, when a tiny radio-controlled electrode delivered a minute surge of current to the enraged beast’s thoughts, the bull braked to an abrupt halt. Delgado also pioneered a way of capturing temper medicine into the mind, calming the subject by a distant pc that sensed oncoming nervousness, melancholy or rage, and flashed back inhibitor alerts by radio. “The [programmed] individual may think that the most important fact of reality is his own existence,” Delgado wrote. “But that is only his personal point of view, a relative frame of reference which is not shared by the rest of the living world.” The justification for perfecting bodily management of the thoughts was to enable outdoors forces to find out how you can use a person’s body by activating his mind and directing it past the subject’s control – in spite of any acutely aware efforts he may make. KAL Flight 007 was outfitted with the newest navigational know-how. Three computer-driven, inertial-navigational methods put in a yr earlier advised the airplane seven occasions per second where it is presupposed to go . Solely the following parts might have coordinated the dying of Consultant Larry McDonald with the Soviet missile response: (1) human elements; (2) altered instruments in New York Metropolis or Anchorage; or (three) mind control over the Korean Air Pressure pilots. ••• Exactly who was Larry McDonald, the strange and sophisticated particular person who wore so many robes? At first he was a physician specializing in urology who prescribed the discredited drug laetrile to most cancers sufferers. He was also a man who concealed the possession of 200 guns. In 1974, he was elected to the U.S. Home of Representatives, later chairman of both the tax-free Western Objectives Basis and the John Birch Society. The easiest way to explain most people is to know who their heroes are. McDonald reportedly stored two pictures on the partitions of his Congressional office that give some clues to his mental state. One image was of Senator Joseph McCarthy. The other was of Chilean dictator Augusto Pinochet. Senator McCarthy started his Senate profession after World Conflict II with financial help from two recognized Nazi sympathizers in Wisconsin – Frank Seusenbrenner and Walter Harnischfeger. Fred J. Prepare dinner’s The Nightmare Decade particulars the pro-Nazi backers of McCarthy and the way the senator knew of their “passionate ultra-rightism and admiration for Hitler.” Harnischfeger’s nephew, in reality, typically displayed an autographed copy of Hitler’s Mein Kampf. He additionally flaunted a watch-chain swastika. In December 1946, 43 of Hitler’s prime army officers acquired dying sentences or lengthy jail terms on the Dachau Trials for the bloody bloodbath of American troopers at Malmedy, France. One of McCarthy’s main goals as he entered the Senate was to facilitate their launch. By 1949, because of Congressional hearings, he directed one other maneuvering. McCarthy’s efforts paid off. The 43 Nazis have been freed. When McCarthy carried out his Home Un-American Activities Committee (HUAC) hearings in 1953 and amassed knowledge on law-abiding citizens for future fascist purposes, most of his info came from combined United States intelligence and Nazi conflict criminals. He additionally drew upon the in depth information of a spy network often known as ODDESSA, an affiliation of former SS officers shaped between 1943 and 1945, when it turned obvious the Third Reich couldn’t win the warfare towards the Soviet Union. After McCarthy died in 1957, it’s affordable to imagine that Larry McDonaid – by means of Louise Rees – took over the huge computerized information that now include hundreds of thousands of names worldwide. Louise Rees, the wife of John Rees, an editor at McDonald’s Western Objectives Basis, labored for McCarthy and Roy M. Cohn, counsel for the senator’s 1953 Permanent Investigations Subcommittee of the Authorities Operations Committee. Western Objectives lists Roy M. Cohn, now a New York lawyer, on its advisory board. And when McDonald went to Washington as a consultant from Georgia in 1974, Louise Rees was his paid employees aide. McDonald’s admiration for his other main hero, Chilean dictator Augusto Pinochet, might be explained partially by the fact that both of their careers benefited from the help of worldwide fascist organizations. And there’s evidence that Nazis in Chile funded McDonald’s Congressional campaigns since 1974, at Pinochet’s path – simply as Nazis have been the supply of funds for McCarthy in Wisconsin. Mockingly, the very night time that McDonald was killed, Pinochet, his CIA-supported hero – was taunted by rioters in Chile. The Chilean individuals additionally need their nightmare decade to end. Pinochet is answerable for DINA, Nazi-like death-squad terrorist groups which might be an arm of the Chilean police, needed to take care of his repressive regime. With out DINA’s strategies of worry and torture, the U.S. puppet government in Chile would not final another day. Pinochet additionally does nothing to intrude with Colonia Dignidad, a haven for Nazi conflict criminals situated on the border between Argentina and Chile. Colonia Dignidad serves as a torture middle where dissenters who oppose Pinochet are mutilated and fed to canine whereas still alive. Armed guards discourage snoopers. Amnesty Worldwide is at present investigating this deplorable state of affairs. Larry McDonald’s unsavory Chilean connection was additional exposed when Robert Byron Watson introduced attorneys from the Home Select Committee on Assassinations with an affidavit reportedly detailing McDonald’s dealings with Fuad Habash Ansare in Santiago de Chile; Watson claimed that Fuad Habash is the brother of Arab terrorist chief Dr. George Habash of the Common Front for the Liberation of Palestine. This group is claimed to work with our CIA to arrange Arab terrorist murders around the globe. ••• Larry McDonald’s Western Objectives Basis, another sinister organization, was shaped in 1979. Members of its advisory board are listed in brochures and newspaper ads, and embrace the next: Jean Ashbrook, Mrs. Walter Brennan, Taylor Caldwell, Roy M. Cohn, Congressman Philip M. Crane (R-Illinois), Common Raymond Davis, Henry Hazlitt, Dr. Mildred F. Jefferson, Dr. Anthony Kubek, Robert Milliken, Admiral Thomas H. Moorer, E. A. Morris, Vice-Admiral Lloyd M. Mustin, Mrs. John C. Newington, Basic George S. Patton III, Dr. Hans Sennholz, Common John Singlaub, Dan Smoot, Robert Stoddard, Congressman Bob Stump (D-Arizona), Mrs. Helen Marie Taylor, Dr. Edward Teller, Basic Lewis Walt and Dr. Eugene Wigner. The chief employees of Western Objectives consists of Linda Guell, director; John Rees, editor; and Julia Ferguson, research affiliate. Two members of Western Objectives bear special point out. In accordance with Seymour Hersh’s current guide The Worth of Power within the Nixon White Home, Admiral Thomas Moorer masterminded the surreptitious removing of delicate knowledge from President Nixon’s office. Working by means of Yeoman Charles Radford, Moorer stole papers clearly marked “President’s Eyes Only” and had them delivered to the Pentagon. His reward for stealing these top-secret documents was a promotion to the distinguished Joint Chiefs of Employees. Merry Christmas, Cambodia! Bypassing every member of Congress, Henry Kissinger and Admiral Moorer carried out their very own personal conflict towards that country – one that has not fought the USA at any time – gleefully choosing bombing targets that value the lives of hundreds of thousands of harmless individuals. It later developed that Los Angeles Police Division information on two million Californians have been assessed by Moorer’s and McDonald’s Western Objectives pc. So it involves move that the criminals hold monitor of the harmless. Details about you might be already filed and computerized in their secret knowledge banks. Would you belief individuals like this together with your good identify? A second Western Objectives advisory board member value noting is Edward Teller, Hungarian-born father of the hydrogen bomb. The same day that McDonald made the front web page of the Washington Submit – when Western Objectives was ordered to answer the stolen-documents subpoena in Los Angeles – Teller was attending a European seminar on nuclear warfare crucial to America’s future overseas policy. ••• There isn’t any beginning or finish to the Larry McDonald tragedy. His right-wing fanaticism drew him to the crueler aspect of blackmailers, burglars, assassins, terrorists, wiretappers, and other people dedicated to waging a future struggle with the Soviet Union. And there he was, final August 31 and September 1, apparently sitting on their lonesome on Flight 007. If that was by Soviet design, then all in his entourage have been communists who knew prematurely. But because the American delegation was screened and cleared for travel with a congressman, then the CIA and U.S. agents knew something they wouldn’t share with him – even to save lots of his life. So what’s all of it about, Alfie?